UONGOZI Journal of Management Development Dynamics is a multidisciplinary journal owned, sponsored and published by Mzumbe University, Tanzania. “Uongozi” is Kiswahili word for Leadership. The Journal aims at providing management trainers, consultants and practicing managers and other stakeholders with a scholarly forum for an exchange of ideas and experiences. The objective is to fill the vacuum of relevant information for managers, management experts and students in African countries and beyond. The Journal is published twice a year, in June and December.

Please read and follow these guidelines/instructions carefully; doing so will ensure that the publication of your manuscript is as rapid and efficient as possible. The Publisher reserves the right to return manuscripts that are not prepared in accordance with these guidelines/instructions. Thus, before submitting your paper for publication, you need to make sure that your paper adheres to the following at minimum:


Articles submitted to the Journal should not have been published before or should not be in the process of under review in another journal. The copyright of articles, review articles, and book reviews published is reserved for the Uongozi Journal. However, in advance, authors can obtain permission from the co-editors to reprint/ reproduce the whole or a part of the paper published in Uongozi Journal.

Essential title page information

    • Title. The title of the article should be concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
    • Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author and their phone number(s).
    • Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Materials. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
    • Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
    • Texts of the manuscripts must be prepared using a Word processing package (saves and submit in .doc or .rtf format). Typedon one side of an A4 paper, one and a half-spaced (including text in tables, legends and references), Font size 12, font type Times New Roman and with margins of two inches. Files must not be supplied in PDF format.
    • Manuscripts should be between 5,000 to 8,000 words, including references but not appendices (and tables/figured), numbered consecutively. The Manuscript must be typeset in Times New Roman, font 12.
    • Manuscript should have a separate title page with the author’s names starting with the first then Surname, followed by the author’s institutional affiliation and the addresses.




John A. Bundala (LL.M)

Faculty of Law,

Mzumbe University P.O. Box 9,

Mzumbe- Morogoro, Tanzania

Tel: +255…………………………….




    1.  Abstract 

A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum 250 words). The abstract should be structured stating briefly Introduction, Methods the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract may be presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.


    1.  Keywords 

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, using British or American spelling, but not a mixture of these, and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.


    1.  Abbreviations 

Define abbreviations that are not standard in the field of your article in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.


    1.  Acknowledgements 

Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proofreading the article, etc.).


    1.  Tables, Maps and Diagrams

Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.

Italicize the titles for tables, Maps and Diagrams. For tables titles must be placed on top and for diagrams and figures titles should be placed underneath. Indicate the source (s) where Tables, maps and diagrams originated.


    1.  Heading Within Chapters

Major headings should be in bold and in Capital letter, while subheadings should be bold and lower case. Each first letter of the content word should be capitalized. Both headings (major and sub) should be as short as possible, numbers should be used to distinguish different parts of a paper at not more than three levels; e.g. 1.1.1, 1.2.1, 1.2.2 etc.


    1.  Page and line numbers

Include page numbers and line numbers in the manuscript file. Use continuous line numbers (do not restart the numbering on each page).


    1.  Layout and spacing

Manuscript text should be one and a half-spaced. Do not format text in multiple columns.


    1.  Citation, Footnote and References

Citation in text 

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal (which is APA) and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Reference should be cited in the text according to the author-date system, e.g. (Mahimbo 1990:10) argues.


Titles of books and journals should be in italics, and those of articles should be enclosed in quotation marks. The list should be prepared as per the following example:

Hutchinson, T. and A. Waters, (1981) “Performance and Competence in English for Specific Purposes” Applied Linguistic, Vol.2 no 1 pp 56-69.

Pidyak, R and D Rubinfeld, (1981) Econometrics Models and Economic Forecasts, 2nd et, London: McGraw-Hill.


All first letters of the content words in titles must be capitalized, excluding articles, prepositions and conjunctions as shown in the example above.

Authors are advised to check all references most carefully. The Editorial Board cannot be held responsible for careless referencing, nor can it trace missing details in reference.


    1.  Web references 

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.


    1.  Language

The acceptable language is English. Authors are required to ensure the accuracy of the language. After the acceptance of the article, English edited version should be sent by the author. Please note that the author should bear the English editing fee.

Submitted manuscripts must have gone through a rigorous language check preferably by a native English speaker or professional language editor and evidences of the same provided.


    1.  Accepted Manuscripts

Manuscripts accepted for publication cannot be withdrawn by author(s) for publication elsewhere after the review process has begun.


    1.  Submission declaration 

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis). That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.

Submission should be done online via the link provided on the journal website:


    1.  Reviewing Process

Each paper will be sent to two reviewers in the relevant expertise for a double-blind peer review. Based on the reviewers' recommendations, the Editorial Board of the Journal will decide whether the paper should be accepted, revised, or rejected.


    1.  Permissions

Uongozi Journal of Management and Development Dynamics aims to produce all of our journals in print and online formats. As an author you need to ensure that you have secured the necessary reproduction rights with the rights holder for any third party material you have used prior to submission. All copyright permission must be cleared and, if necessary, paid for by the author; it is also the author’s responsibility to include acknowledgements as stipulated by particular institutions. Permission must also be obtained for pictures of individuals, recognizable buildings or places or offices and/or for any content used from other sources.


    1.  Contributors

All authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article preparation. The statement that all authors have approved the final article must be clearly stated and should be true and included in the disclosure.

Authors are required to include a statement of responsibility in the manuscript that specifies the contribution of every author. The level of detail varies; some disciplines produce manuscripts that comprise discrete efforts readily articulated in detail, whereas other fields operate as group efforts at all stages.

    • All the work reported in the manuscript must be original and free from any kind of plagiarism.
    • The work should not have been published elsewhere or submitted to any other journal(s) at the same time.
    • Any potential conflict of interest must be clearly acknowledged.
    • Proper acknowledgements to other work reported (individual/company/institution) must be given.
    • Only those who have made any substantial contribution to the interpretation or composition of the submitted work, should be listed as ‘Authors’. While other contributors should be mentioned as ‘co-authors’.
    1.  Corresponding Author

If there are multiple authors in an article, one author should be designated as the Corresponding Author. A Corresponding Author assumes overall responsibility for the manuscript, providing significant contribution to the research effort, may not necessarily be the principal investigator or project leader.


    1.  Conflict of Interest

A Conflict of Interest exists when judgment regarding the research is influenced by factors such as financial gain or personal relationships. All authors are required to disclose any financial, personal or other associations that may influence or be perceived to influence, their work.


    1.  Anonymity
    1. The title

The first page of the main document should bear the title of the article without the name of the author

    1. The main document should be kept anonymous and the first pages (before introduction) of the text should contain title, abstract, UJMDD Classification1, keywords, abbreviations and acknowledgement. Please refrain from any self-citations such as "authors' own", forthcoming etc. in both text and footnotes. See the attachment /annex….for the template to prepare the anonymous main document).


    1.  Changes to authorship 

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor (in writing). To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author in writing: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.

Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors 
after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.



UJMDD Article structure 

Uongozi Journal of Management and Development Dynamics (UJMDD) should at least have the text subdivided into the following sections: Title, Authors and Affiliation, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Analysis and Discussion and conclusion(s), references and appendices. This is the system we will use, however, under special circumstances; some slight adjustments to this style can be tolerated but should not deviate. These sections are briefly discussed hereunder for guidance purpose only:


    • Title

The first page needs to be the title page which should include the title of the study, author name/s with affiliations, and contact details (telephone numbers and email addresses).

The title should not exceed 15 words.

    • Abstract

Abstract should be limited to 250 words

    • Introduction

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. Introduction the introduction should include background of the study, problem identification, research Question(s) or Objective(s) and significance of the study, those details should be written without headings.

    • Materials and Methods

Methods used to collect data and analysis of the data as well as the results generated Results should be clear and concise.

    • Results

Result should independently be presented

    • Discussion

All discussions should be done here

    • Conclusions 

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

    • Appendices 

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

    • References

Manuscripts should be prepared according to APA, 6th ed., except for the additional requirement of numbering the sections as described below.


Formatting of funding sources 


List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements:

Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Medical Research [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, POLICOFA, [grant number zzzz]; and Mzumbe University Research Grant Portfolio [grant number aaaa].


It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.


If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.




Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many word processors can build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Otherwise, please indicate the position of footnotes in the text and list the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.



Publication Process


The publication process is consisting with the following steps. The ultimate objectives of this process are 3Qs (Quality, Quality and Quality). Full process will be completed expected within 15-30 days.


i. After receiving the manuscript we will send a confirmation e-mail to the author acknowledging receiving the article.

ii. Manuscripts will be checked by Plagiarism checker software any similarity index below 30% the article will move to the second stage, anything above the article will be returned to author for re-working on the article to lower the similarity index.

iii. Primary quality will be checked by the Editor, if the article has adhered to the Authors guidelines, the article will move to the second next otherwise will be returned to authors.

iv. The manuscript will be sent for double blinded review.

v. Based on the double blinded review outcomes, the Chief Editor will take decision and the decision will be communicated to the author. Decisions can be three types like accepted without revision, resubmit with major/minor revisions, rejected outright.

The general criteria described above can vary with the nature of the article (article, review paper, book review)

Manuscripts should be sent electronically to the Managing Editor via e-mail: