African Court on Human and Peoples Rights:

A Court for States or for Adjudicating Individual Human Rights Violations?


  • Benjamin Jonas Mzumbe University


Court, Charter, jurisdiction, rights, individual, access


This paper aims at dissecting, using a purely legalistic approach, the jurisprudence of the African Court on Human and Peoples Rights (the Court) as it manifests in its decided cases. The aim is to show how the Court has dealt with the state’s consent and validity of its seizure as a prerequisite for its jurisdiction. This is important in showing how the Court has fulfilled or failed to fulfil the objective of providing justice to individuals against actions of the state as the primary objective of its establishment. The review considered those cases that are available online on the Court’s website , and those reported in the African Court Law Reports. The paper concludes that African states, as history has it, have been reluctant to submit to supranational monitoring and scrutiny of their human rights records and behaviour. This state of affairs is worsened by the unchecked freedom of states to make and withdraw declarations entitling individuals to access the Court. It is therefore recommended that the aspects in the Protocol that establishes the Court, especially those relating to the competency of the Court to receive individual complaints be reassessed so as they are couched in a manner and terms that facilitate the achievement of the primary objective for the establishment of the Court.




How to Cite

Jonas, B. (2021). African Court on Human and Peoples Rights:: A Court for States or for Adjudicating Individual Human Rights Violations?. The UONGOZI Journal of Management and Development Dynamics, 31(1), 1–36. Retrieved from