Uongozi Journal of Management and Development Dynamics aims to produce all of our journals in print and online formats. As an author you need to ensure that you have secured the necessary reproduction rights with the rights holder for any third party material you have used prior to submission. All copyright permission must be cleared and, if necessary, paid for by the author; it is also the author’s responsibility to include acknowledgements as stipulated by particular institutions. Permission must also be obtained for pictures of individuals, recognizable buildings or places or offices and/or for any content used from other sources.