AN EXPLORATION OF STUDENTS CENTRED LEARNING IN INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING IN TANZANIA: BENEFITS CHALLENGES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
The paper identifies some of the important characteristics of Students Cantered Learning (SCL). Some of the efforts of promoting SCL are highlighted indicating the presence of SCL features despite lack of systematic promotion of the transformational approach to learning. The efforts include recognition of the relevance of SCL for higher education by the oversight institution and higher education institutions that are responsive to the development needs and the market. The challenges identified include internet connectivity and lack of pedagogical skills and focus on market penetration through distance learning and/ or blended learning that is more or less similar to conventional approach to learning. Additionally, it is observed that SCL capacity being created by standalone projects, experimental in nature, is possibly bringing a change but a more systematic approach institutional wide is needed for the SCL to be main-streamed and to become sustainable. the benefits from SCL and opportunities for transformative learning including exploiting internet connectivity and investing on staff capacity building, are highlighted. The paper is explorative with the purpose of creating broad understanding of the phenomenon that is SCL. This is to pave the way for future quantitative or mixed research methods that could happen sequentially. Data were collected using mix methods including literature, document reviews, and key informant interviews. The study recommends for a more systematic institutional and even sector-wide promotion of SCL and further research to inform policy and practice.